Oppositional Defiant Disorder
A pattern of negativistic, hostile, and
defiant behavior lasting at least 6 months, during which four (or more) of the following
Often loses temper.
Often argues with adults.
Often actively defies or refuses to comply with adults' requests or rules
often deliberately annoys people.
Often blames others for his or her mistakes or misbehavior.
Is often touchy or easily annoyed by others.
Is often angry and resentful.
Is often spiteful or vindictive.
Note: Consider a criterion met only if the behavior occurs more
frequently than is typically observed in individuals of comparable age and developmental
The disturbance in behavior causes clinically significant impairment in social, academic,
or occupational functioning.
The behaviors do not occur exclusively during the course of a Psychotic or Mood Disorder
(such as depression).
Criteria are not met for Conduct Disorder, and, if the individual is age 18 years or
older, criteria are not met for Antisocial Personality Disorder.
Criteria summarized from:
American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental
disorders, fourth edition. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
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